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遵义不孕不育医院哪家好?飞度好专家遵义包皮术多少钱

2017年10月21日 16:41:40    日报  参与评论()人

遵义市医院治疗龟头炎多少钱遵义市汇川区九龙医院治疗阳痿不坑人连BEIJING — Even as the cost of his quarry pulled away from the 0 million mark, Liu Yiqian remained calm.北京——尽管刘益谦的猎物的竞价已超过1亿美元,他依然很平静。“I was on the phone with a girl from Christie’s Hong Kong who was bidding on my behalf, and she kept dropping the phone because she was so nervous,” Mr. Liu recalled in his Beijing hotel room on Friday. “I told her, ‘Why are you so nervous? I’m the one paying, and I’m not even nervous. Just buy it.’”周五(11月13日),刘益谦在北京下榻的酒店接受采访时回忆说:“我给佳士得(Christie’s)香港分部代我出价的那个女孩打电话。她紧张死了,手抖得厉害,电话老是掉。我说,‘这有怎么好紧张的?我出钱都没紧张,你紧张什么呢?就是花钱把它买回来。’”Thus did Mr. Liu manage to secure “it” — an oil portrait of an outstretched nude woman by the early-20th-century artist Amedeo Modigliani — at a Christie’s auction in New York on Nov. 9. During the tense nine-minute sale, he beat out five opponents by offering 0.4 million with fees, the second-highest price ever paid for an artwork at auction.就这样,11月9日,在纽约的佳士得拍卖会上,刘益谦成功得到了“它”——20世纪初艺术家阿梅代奥·莫迪利亚尼(Amedeo Modigliani)创作的舒展的裸体女人油画。在紧张的9分钟拍卖过程中,他击败5名对手,以1.704亿美元(含佣金)购得该画,成为艺术品拍卖史上的第二高价。“As soon as I heard that it went to an Asian buyer, I knew it was him,” said Wang Wei, Mr. Liu’s wife, who was in Hong Kong at the time.刘益谦的妻子王薇说:“一说亚洲人我就知道是他拍的。”当时她在香港。“Modigliani didn’t make very many nude paintings, and this is one of his best,” she added. “It was definitely worth it.”她补充说:“他[莫迪利亚尼]创造的裸体画不多,但这是他最顶级的。我觉得很值得。”Before last week, Mr. Liu and Ms. Wang, both 52, had aly made a name for themselves in China’s art circles, he in particular as the most flamboyant of the country’s small group of major collectors. To many, he is the brash former taxi driver turned billionaire who provoked an uproar when he bought a tiny Ming dynasty porcelain cup for .3 million at a Sotheby’s auction — and proceeded to be photographed drinking tea from the antique vessel.在上周之前,刘益谦和王薇(都是52岁)已经在中国艺术界很出名了,尤其是刘益谦,他是中国重要收藏家这个小圈子里出手最阔绰的。很多人都知道,他是一位出租车司机出身的傲慢的亿万富翁,在苏富比(Sotheby’s)的一场拍卖会上以3630万美元买下一个小小的明代瓷杯,后来还曝出他用这件古董喝茶的照片,引起一片哗然。Ms. Wang is known as the driving force and general director behind the couple’s Long Museum, which has two branches in Shanghai. Over more than 20 years, the two have amassed an extensive collection of mostly traditional and contemporary Chinese art, much of it on display in the museums.这对夫妇在上海拥有两家龙美术馆,王薇是美术馆的幕后推手和总监。在过去20多年里,这对夫妇收集了大量艺术品,大多是中国古代和当代艺术品,其中很多在这两家美术馆展览。Days after their latest blockbuster purchase, Mr. Liu and Ms. Wang were back at it, flying to Beijing to attend the fall sales of a top auction house, China Guardian. They said their goal was to transform the Long Museum into a world-class destination that could compete with the likes of the Museum of Modern Art and the Guggenheim Museum in New York.在他们最近这次引起轰动的购买之后数日,刘益谦和王薇又要出手了。他们飞到北京,参加顶级拍卖公司中国嘉德的秋季拍卖会。他们说,自己的目标是把龙美术馆变成一个能与纽约的现代艺术物馆(Museum of Modern Art)和古根海姆物馆(Guggenheim Museum)相媲美的世界级物馆。And nothing, Mr. Liu said, says world class quite like a Modigliani nude.刘益谦说,没什么比莫迪利亚尼的裸体画更能称得上是世界级的了。“Every museum dreams of having a Modigliani nude,” Mr. Liu said. “Now, a Chinese museum has a globally recognized masterpiece, and my fellow countrymen no longer have to leave the country to see a Western masterpiece. I feel very proud about that.”刘益谦说:“哪个世界级美术馆不想收藏莫迪利亚尼的裸体画啊?买这个作品能让中国美术馆藏有一件世界名画。今后我们的国人不用走出国门欣赏西方艺术品。这对我来说是一个比较有自豪感的事情。”He added, “The message to the West is clear: We have bought their buildings, we have bought their companies, and now we are going to buy their art.”他还说:“我们向西方传递的信息很明确:我们买人家的楼了,我们买人家的公司了,现在在买人家的艺术品。”With his acquisition of the nude, a 1917-18 canvas known as “Nu Couché,” that message certainly seems to have gotten across.通过买下这幅名为《侧卧的裸女》(Nu Couché)的油画(创作于1917年至1918年),他肯定把这个信息传递了出去。“This purchase was a proclamation of his arrival,” said Thomas Galbraith, managing director of auctions at Paddle8, an online auction house. “Anyone in the art world who didn’t know his name knows it now.”在线拍卖公司Paddle8的拍卖管理总监托马斯·加尔布雷思(Thomas Galbraith)说:“这次购买是在宣告他的到来。艺术界之前不知道他名字的人现在都知道了。”Mr. Liu’s rise is a classic rags-to-riches tale of post-Mao China. Growing up in a working-class family in Shanghai in the 1960s and ’70s, he said, he knew early on that he wanted to go into business. After dropping out of middle school, he began selling leather handbags, then saved enough money to buy a taxi.刘益谦的发家史是后毛泽东时代典型的白手起家的故事。20世纪六七十年代,他在上海的一个工人家庭长大。他说,他很早就知道自己想从商。中学辍学后,他开始卖皮包,然后攒钱买了辆出租车。In 1983, he was still eking out a living as a small-time businessman when he met Ms. Wang, who was working as a typist at Shanghai Normal University.1983年遇见王薇时,他还是靠做小生意勉强为生,当时王薇是上海师范大学的一名打字员。By the late 1980s, with China’s economic liberalization in full swing, Mr. Liu’s fortunes turned as a series of stock market investments he had made began to take off.到80年代末,随着中国经济全面放开,刘益谦之前投资的一系列股票开始飙升,他的命运出现了转折。Today, he is chairman of the Sunline Group, a holding company based in Shanghai whose interests include chemicals, pharmaceuticals, real estate development and a financial unit. In addition to owning a stake in a pharmaceutical company, he was also an early investor in Beijing Council International Auction, an auction company in the Chinese capital started by one of Ms. Wang’s friends. According to Forbes, his assets in 2015 totaled .22 billion.如今,他是上海新理益集团的董事长。该集团的业务包括化工产品、药品、房地产开发和金融。除了在一家制药公司持有股份,他还是北京匡时拍卖国际有限公司的早期投资人之一,这家位于中国首都的拍卖公司是王薇的一个朋友创立的。据福布斯排行榜,2015年,刘益谦的总资产为12.2亿美元。“His decisions might seem very risky, but people forget he has spent his whole career assessing risk in the capital markets,” said Dong Guoqiang, chairman of Beijing Council and a longtime friend of the couple.北京匡时拍卖国际有限公司的董事长、这对夫妇的老朋友董国强说:“他的决定可能看起来很冒险,但是你别忘了,他的整个事业就是评估资本市场的风险。”China’s art market was still in its nascent stages when Mr. Liu and Ms. Wang began going to auctions and buying art in the early 1990s. Over the years, what started as a hobby became an obsession.20世纪90年代初,刘益谦和王薇开始去拍卖会购买艺术品,当时中国的艺术市场仍处于萌芽期。最初那只是他们的爱好,现在他们痴迷其中。While Mr. Liu preferred collecting traditional Chinese artworks and objects, Ms. Wang focused on acquiring art from the Cultural Revolution era and, later, contemporary Chinese art and art from throughout Asia. They began to collect Western artists as well, and their holdings now include work from Jeff Koons’s mirror-polished sculpture series.刘益谦更喜欢收藏中国传统艺术品和物件,而王薇专注于购买“文革”时期的艺术品,后来喜欢上中国当代艺术品和整个亚洲的艺术品。他们也开始收藏西方艺术家的作品,包括杰夫·昆斯(Jeff Koons)光亮的雕塑系列。Several years ago, Ms. Wang, a self-proclaimed “art fanatic,” came up with the idea of opening a museum so they could show their collection to the public. But first, she needed to persuade Mr. Liu.几年前,自称“对艺术痴狂”的王薇产生了设立物馆的想法,这样就能向公众展示自己的藏品。但是首先,她需要说刘益谦。“All of our friends were buying private planes, and he said he wanted to buy a plane, too,” she said. “I refused. I said let’s just put in some more money and start a museum. It will be good for Shanghai, and it will be good for the country.”她说:“之前他想买飞机,其他朋友都在买飞机。我说不行。我们把这个钱去做一个美术馆。这美术馆会对上海也好,对整个国家也好。”So in 2012, Mr. Liu and Ms. Wang opened the Long Museum Pudong, one of many private museums that have begun in Shanghai in recent years as the local government tries to transform the city into an international cultural capital.2012年,刘益谦和王薇开设了龙美术馆浦东馆。它是近些年上海开始出现的诸多私人物馆之一,因为上海市政府致力于把这座城市打造成国际文化之都。In 2014, they opened a second branch, the Long Museum West Bund, part of a government-sponsored project to develop a waterfront cultural corridor in Shanghai that includes private museums, a large entertainment complex, and soon, the headquarters for DreamWorks’ new Chinese joint venture animation studio.2014年,他们开设了第二个分馆——龙美术馆西岸馆,它是上海市政府开发的河畔文化走廊的一部分。这个文化走廊包括私人物馆、大型中心,以及即将亮相的梦工厂新合资动画公司的总部。Exhibitions range from a large show of revolutionary art to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II to a performance-art exhibition curated by Klaus Biesenbach of MoMA and Hans Ulrich Obrist of the Serpentine Gallery in London.他们的物馆举办各种各样的展览,既有庆祝“二战”结束70周年的革命艺术品大型展览,也有由现代艺术物馆(MoMA)的克劳斯·比森巴赫(Klaus Biesenbach)和伦敦蛇形画廊(Serpentine Gallery)的汉斯·乌尔里克·奥布里斯特(Hans Ulrich Obrist)策划的行为艺术展。Although they received a discount from the government for the land in the West Bund area, Ms. Wang said, almost all of the operation costs — about .5 million for both museums this year, she estimated — are undertaken by her and her husband.王薇说,虽然他们购买西岸那块地时,政府给了一点优惠,但是几乎所有的运营成本都由她和丈夫来承担。她估计,今年这两座物馆的运营费约为950万美元。“I think the rest of my life and money will be dedicated to building up this museum,” Mr. Liu said, taking a puff of a cigarette. (The couple plan to open a third branch, in the southwest city of Chongqing, next year.)刘益谦吸了一口烟说:“我觉得我下半辈子和财产会花在美术馆上。”(他们打算明年在重庆市的西南部开设第三家物馆。)Cai Jinqing, president of Christie’s China, said the couple represented the “best example” of this generation of Chinese art collectors.佳士得中国区总裁蔡金青说,这对夫妇是这一代中国艺术收藏家的“典范”。“They started with collecting what they know, Chinese art, then broadened to Asian art, and are now embracing Western art,” Ms. Cai said.蔡金青说:“他们从收藏自己熟悉的中国艺术品开始,然后扩展到亚洲艺术品,现在正在接受西方艺术。”But few collectors in China publicly flaunt their wealth the way Mr. Liu and Ms. Wang do, particularly as the government wages a crackdown on extravagance. Mr. Liu, who is still an active stock trader, said he was not concerned about the crackdown, stating that he acquired his money through legal and legitimate means.但是在中国,几乎没有哪位收藏家像刘益谦和王薇这样公开炫耀自己的财富,尤其在政府打压奢侈之时。刘益谦仍是一位活跃的股票操盘手。他说,他不担心那种打压,称自己的钱都是通过合法途径获得的。Many have criticized the couple for profligacy and a perceived lack of taste. In discussions about them, the term “tuhao,” a popular Chinese term for crass nouveaux riches, is frequently tossed around.很多人批评这对夫妇肆意挥霍,缺乏品位。在关于他们的讨论中,“土豪”这个词经常出现。“I am definitely a tuhao,” Mr. Liu said defiantly. “But at least this tuhao is bringing a masterpiece back to China for the Chinese people to enjoy.” Mr. Liu said that he had no plans to sell the painting.刘益谦轻蔑地说:“我是一个土豪。最起码,土豪把这座作品带回中国来了,不需要去国外看了。”刘益谦说他没打算卖掉这幅画。There is another, more personal, benefit to the acquisition: airfare. Ms. Wang confirmed that, as in the past, she and Mr. Liu would be using their American Express card to pay for the Modigliani. That way, with the cardholder’s points they accrue, their whole family — the couple, their four children and two grandchildren — can continue flying for free.购买这幅画还有一个更私人的益处:机票。王薇承认,和过去一样,她和刘益谦将使用他们的美国运通卡付莫迪利亚尼油画的费用。那样的话,他们全家人——这对夫妇、四个孩子和两个孙子辈——都可以继续用卡上的积分免费乘坐飞机。“We are on a one-year payment plan for the painting,” Ms. Wang said. “If we had to pay cash upfront, that would be a little difficult for us.”王薇说:“那幅画我们是分期付款。用现金付对我们来说还是比较紧张。”She added: “I mean, who has the money for that?”她补充说:“哪里有钱还能这样?” /201511/411311遵义九龙医院怎么样不黑心骗子坑人喽 The Three Kingdoms三国Battle of Red Cliffs赤壁之战In 208, Zhou Yu and Liu Bei led their forces to fight Cao Cao.208年,周瑜和刘备领导他们的军队抗击曹操。Cao Cao led a force of 300 000 to attack Wu.曹操带领300000兵力攻击吴国。Zhou Yu led the Wu forces (30 000) with Liu Bei’s forces (20 000).周瑜带领吴国的30000人马和刘备的20000人马。Cao Cao had previously linked his ships together because his men were mainly composed of Northerners who were not accustomed to fighting on water;they were also sick after an epidemic.曹操在开战前就将他的船只都拴在了一起因为他的军队中大多是北方人,不习惯于水上作战,而且将士们还感染了风寒。In the mean time, Huang Gai faked himself a turncoat, seeking giving top secret of Wu’s army to Cao Cao.同时,黄盖装作吴国的叛徒,企图将吴军的顶级机密告诉曹操。At the night of the battle, Huang Gai fabricated his escape from the South side of the Yangtse River where Wu’s camp is to the North side where Wei’s base is.作战之夜,黄盖假装从扬子江南边的吴军营地溜到了北边的魏军营地。Near the Northern bank, Huang Gai set his tail boat on fire.他在北岸附近点燃了自己的长尾船。The Cao Cao’s armada, connected together, was caught fired in the bay and nearly totally destroyed.曹操联接在一起的舰队在河湾上着了火,几乎全军覆没。Zhou Yu, at this time, sent his whole army against Cao Cao’s army which lost all its morale.这时周瑜派出所有士兵袭击丧失斗志的曹操军队。Cao Cao decided it would be best to retreat.曹操决定最好先撤退。The result of the Battle of Red Clifk greatly hindered Cao Cao’s expension across Yangtse River into the Southern China.赤壁之战的结果极大地阻止了曹操跨过扬子江向中国南部的扩张。 /201510/398244The Way into Crisis:That such a vast empire like Qing China would meet conflicts with neighboring people is a natural cause. Aly the occupation of the Yili Territory in the west has been without consequences for the loyalty of Muslim people of Chinese Turkestan. But expanding Russia also claimed these territories of In-ner Asia.走向危机:清朝时期的中国如此辽阔与周边国家发生擦是再自然不过的事情了。尽管清朝在西部拥有伊犁地区,但却不能使中国土耳其斯坦的穆斯林效忠 清朝。扩张中的俄罗斯也声称拥有中亚地区。Treaties with the Russian tsars helped to settle the border conflicts. Ch卜 nese troops proved the Qing sovereignty over Burma and Nepal. Chinese settlers in Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Taiwan met rebellions of the aboriginal tribes that could only be subdued by military force. Muslim people stood up against the Qing regime in Gansu and Xinjiang.清朝政府和沙皇俄国签订的条约有 助于解决边境争端。中国军队保了清朝对波尔玛和尼泊尔的统治,但是在云南、贵州、四川和台湾等地遇到了当地居民的强烈反抗,而这些只能用武力解决。穆斯 林也在甘肃、新疆起来抗击清朝统治。A Weakening China: The 19th century brought developments over China, which worsened the economical backwardness that was aly seen after the long and glorious reigns of the three emperors Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong.逐步衰弱的中国:19世纪给中国带来了发展,也加剧了中国经济的倒退,这一 点在清朝长时期统治和繁荣的康熙、雍正和乾隆三位皇帝时期既有显现。The two main problems are the question of centralized or decentralized administration, and to what extent the state should control the economy for the sake of the population and to fill the state treasure. Both questions should also be crucial for the economical, technical and political backwardness of the 19th century China.清朝时 期两大主要问题是高度的中央集权制或者说高度分散的集权制以及为了国民和充 实国库应该如何控制国民经济的问题。这两大问题对19世纪的中国经济、技术、 政治的落后都起着决定性作用。A political ,economical and social system that had been proved effectively for two thousand years seemed to have no need for change or modernization. In the eyes of the Westerners, therefore, the political and social sphere of China had been unchanged for thousands of years. The economical sphere meanwhile seemed to have been influenced by Europeans, and at least experienced some modernization after Chinese mandarins became aware of China’s economical backwardness.2000年来明在中国行之有效的政治、经济、和 社会制度似乎无需改变或实现现代化。因此,在西方人的眼里,中国政治、经济已 经2000年没有任何变动。中国经济似乎是受欧洲的影响,至少当清朝大臣们意识 到中国经济落后时中国还是体验了一下现代化。But in fact, economical changes aly took place since the mid of 18th century. The long period of peace and the introduction of new crops from the America(peanuts, corn, and taro) resulted in a steady rise in the population.事实上,18世纪中期中国经济就 发生了重大变化。长期和平和从美国引进的农作物(如花生、玉米、芋头)使中国人 口稳步上升。With an increasing population ,there was also the need for a widesp commerce and trade network covering whole China, especially along the waterways of the great rivers and channels. Merchants needed banks for their funds to finance their business.随着人口的增长,需要在中国广开商路和建立贸易网,尤其是要在长 江和运河地区开辟水路。商人需要为他们提供资金以资助企业发展。The industry of Qing China was a highly sophisticated system of division of labour. Chinaware, tea, brocades and cotton was produced greatly in specialized regions and cities. Merchants and producers formed non-governmental guilds with comprehensive administratorial functions. While in the west of the USA, a lack of labour force led to the development of industrial agriculture, the surplus of labour force in China was an impediment for technification.清朝时 期,中国手工业就有高度复杂的劳动分工。中国器具、茶叶、织锦和棉花生产在一 些专业生产地区高度发展。商人和生产商组成了非官方的具有广泛管理职能的行 业协会。在美国西部,因缺乏劳动力而促成了机械化农业发展的同时,中国劳动力 的剩余则阻碍了技术的发展。And moreover, the social groups making profit and living in wealth, like fhe salt traders of the lower Yangtze valley, did consume their income rather for luxury instead of investing in long-term business like a heavy industry. The lack of governmental interference into the sphere of the economy left this field a prey for the penetrating Western merchants.此外,那些挣了钱而生活奢靡的商人,如长江下游的 盐商们,大肆挥霍钱财,过着奢侈生活,而不是把资金投资到像重工业这样的长期 企业上去。政府也缺乏对经济的干预,这使得这一领域逐步为西方商人所渗透。The Opium Wars and the Unequal Treaties:China as a country with a highly developed manufacturing industry had no need for imported cotton fabrics or similar items produced in the West. The British merchants, especially the East India Company, saw their chance in the import of opium.鸦片战争和一系列不平等条约的签订:中国,作为一个有着高度发达的手工制 造业的国家,无须从西方进口棉纺织品或诸如此类的产品。于是英国商人,特别是 东印度公司,看准只有向中国进口鸦片。As the import of opium had been prohibited by the Chinese government aly during the 18th century, the only way to make profit by selling Indian opium was the smuggling business. Opium does not only mean a danger for health, but also has a deep impact on public moral. Moreover, the export of tea, silk and chinaware was not able to cover the costs for opium imports: the Chinese trade balance tended to become negative.由于中国政府在18世纪就曾下令禁止进 口鸦片,所以出售印度鸦片挣钱的唯一办法就是走私。鸦片不仅危害人身健康,并 且对社会公众道德也有极其深刻的影响。但是,茶叶、丝绸和瓷器的出口总额弥补 不了鸦片一项进口的差额:中国贸易出现逆差。The court in Beijing was divided between ministers proposing a forced barter (opium against Chinese products) ; allowance of opium import but imposing high taxes on the drug ; or confrontation with the British merchants.朝庭中的大臣分成两派,一派主张 强行物物交换(用鸦片换中国商品),主张鸦片可以进口,但是要征收高额关税;另 一派主张直接反对英国商人经营鸦片。A representative of the last group was Lin Zexu who acted as commissioner in Guangzhou (Canton) in 1839, the main import harbour of the south. He confiscated opium cases and tried to banish British merchants. However under the protection of their government, the Britain Captain Elliott attacked some small harbors, occupied islands and threatened the port of Tianjin with canon boats: the so-called Opium War began.后一派则以林则徐为代表。1839年他被 派到南方重要港口广州任两广总督,没收鸦片并极力驱逐英国商人。在英国政府 的庇护下,英国军队在伊里尔特上尉的统领下进攻几个小港口,占领了一些岛屿, 并直接用炮舰威胁天津港——鸦片战争开始。A British fleet, commanded by Henry Pottinger, proceeded until Nanjing, when the Chinese government finally gave in and signed the Nanjing Treaty in 1842, the first of a long line of shameful treaties for the Qing government, called 4tunequal treatiesFor twenty centuries, Chinese emperors had dealt in the same way with penetrating M barbarians : making concessions to them by granting them material presents like Chinese silk or sending them princesses.1842年,一英国舰队,在亨利? 鲍丁格尔的指挥下,一直打到南京,中国政府投降并签定了《南京条约》。这是中国 清政府所签署的丧权辱国的第一个不平等条约。2000多年来,中国的皇帝一直以 同样的方式来对应入侵的蛮夷,即以赏赐财物,如丝绸或送公主和亲的办法与他们 达成妥协。In 1842, nobody in China was aware that the danger coming from the West was much deeper than a few nomad barbarians attacking the Chinese frontiers.In the Nanjing Treaty, the Qing government granted the British free (opium)trade in the harbors of Xiamen (Amoy), Shanghai, Ningbo, Fuzhou and Guangzhou, abolishing the monopoly of the Chinese merchant guilds in these cities. British goods were imposed with a very low import tax, and British subjects were allowed to move freely inside China. As a trade base, the island of Hong Kong was handed over to Great Britain.1842年,中国没人意识到来自西方的危险远比几个游牧族侵扰边境深 远的多《南京条约》规定,清政府允许英国在厦门、上海、宁波、福州和广州进行鸦片自 由贸易,取消中国商会在这些城市的垄断。对英国商品征收很低的进口税,英国人 可以在中国自由往来。作为商埠,香港岛由英国管辖。The financial damages China had to pay for the war counted 21 million silver dollars. Great Britain was officially recognized by the Qing government as a foreign power with equal rights. In an additional treaty, the Humen Treaty, Great Britain was allowed to establish concessional settlement territories where British subjects were exempt of Chinese jurisdiction.中国赔偿战争损失费2 100 万两白银。大清政府承认英国和中国享有同等权利。在附加条约《虎门条约》里, 大英帝国允许在中国建立租界,租界内的英国公民不受中国司法管辖。But the most important item of this treaty was the Most Favorite Clausula, allowing Great Britain to obtain every contractual concession any other country should obtain. Following the British, France Treaty of Whampoa, the USA Treaty of Wangsha, and the minor European states forced treaties with the Chinese allowing them free trade inside a handful of harbor cities.该条约中 最重要的一条就是最惠国待遇,即英国享有所有和其他国家签定的条约中的一切 权利。继英国之后,法国签定了《黄埔条约》,美国鉴定《望厦条约》,其他几个欧洲 国家也强行和中国签定了允许在中国众多港口自由贸易的条约。In 1856, British and French saw their chance to revise the Nanjing Treaty. Unifying their armies, British and French occupied Guangzhou and forced the Qing government to sign the Tianjin Treaty in 1858 after their canon boats had bombarded the Tanggu Forts near Tianjin.1856年,英法联 军认为改写条约的时机成熟,于是英法联军炮轰天津附近的塘沽港。1858年,英 法联军占领广州强迫清政府签定《天津条约》。But the French army invaded Beijing and burned down and plundered the Qing emperors’ summer residence in the Yuanmingyuan Garden; the court had fled to Jehol. These military actions are called the Second Opium War. Signed in I860, the Beijing Treaty.但是,法国军队入侵北京,火烧和洗 劫了大清皇帝在圆明园的夏日行宫,清政府逃到了热河,这些军事行动称为第二次 鸦片战争。I860年签定《北京条约》。Meanwhile, Rus-sia also claimed rights on Chinese territory. The treaties of Nerchinsk was signed between Russia and Qing Government in 1689. In 1858 Russia occupied the territory north of the River Amur and claimed this territory as Russian, ensured in the Aihui Treaty.与此同时,俄罗斯也到处强占中国土地。 1689年签定《尼布楚条约》,1858年俄罗斯占领阿穆尔河以北的领地,并声称归己 所有,并在《瑷珲条约》中加以强调。 /201603/428573遵义九龙医院好不好不存在的黑心骗子坑人罗

遵义九龙医院治疗阳痿没有的坑人家Despite the political division of China in this period, four important advances occurred. First, the trade became important In the south, trade became increasingly important, especially the tea trade.尽管此时中国政权处于分裂状态,这一时期也有四大进步:在南方,贸易变得很重要,尤其是茶叶贸易。Efforts at state monopozation occurred in an attempt to control the revenue of the tea trade.为了增加收入,茶的买卖由政府垄断。Salt monopolies were developed and the salt taxes were the top budget item during this period.盐的买卖也出现了垄断,盐成为当时最紧俏的商品。The second development was translucent porcelain. This also happened in the south and was used both within China and as an export item.第二,就是陶瓷的发展,透明的陶产于南方,是当时对外出口的主要商品。The next important development was in the field of printing. In about 940, the first printing of the Classics occurred. Attempts at movable type began in about 1045.第三,就是印刷,大约公元940年出现了第一批印刷版的经典作品,并在1045年发明了活字印刷术。Printing had far reaching effects on the Chinese people. As would occur later in Europe, printing allowed more people to become educated because books became more ily available.印刷术的发明对中国和世界都产生了深远的影响,它使更多的人接受教育成为可能。Finally, in northern China, paper money was introduced. This introduction was due in part to the fact that metal was scarce in China. Besides, the existing copper money was very heavy and difficult to transport. The beginning of paper money was deposit certificates that merchants used in provinces where copper coins were the currency.第四,由于金属缺乏,铜钱较重不方便携带,中国的北方发明了纸币。纸币的出现是存储的凭,它可以在铜钱流行的省份通行。Eventually, the government would accept copper and then issue certificates, thus creating the prototype of a banking system.最后政府接受铜钱而后发行这种纸的凭,这就形成了早期的。This money system greatly prospered the trade.新的货币制度大大推动了贸易的发展。The practice of binding womens feet also began during this time. The first evidence of this practice showed up in about 950.五代十国时期妇女开始裹小脚,首次出现在公元950年。Scholars were not sure how this practice began, however, it was widely practiced among both the rich and poor of China.学者们不清楚为什么妇女要裹小脚,然而,这种现象在中国富人和穷人中十分盛行。Only a few groups did not participate in this custom. They were the boat women of Kuang-tung and the aboriginal people of the southwest.只有少数群体像广东的船家女儿和南方边远地方的女子才不裹脚。None of the non-Chinese groups surrounding China followed this custom.除此之外,在中国其它广大地区的非少数民族女子都有裹脚的这一传统。Buddhism experienced a sharp decline during this period.这一时期佛教经历了一次大的劫难。In northern China, Buddhists were heavily persecuted in 955.在北方,公元955年,佛教徒遭受到严重迫害。This persecution seemed to be aimed at stopping men from becoming monks to avoid joining the armies.这次迫害意在阻止男人们为逃避兵役而加人僧侣队伍。Many regulations were put into practice. 30 336 temples and monasteries were secularized, and many monks were forced to leave the monasteries and take up secular lives.许多限制措施开始施行,30336个寺院被拆除,大量的僧侣被强迫还俗。The construction and the number of temples and monasteries were limited, in addition, private people could no longer build them.寺院修建和数量被严格限制,作为私人不能再建造寺院。Monks were also required to carry six i-dentification cards.僧侣们还被要求带六种身份。Culturally, the Liao Dynasty achieved mainly in astronomy, the calendar, medicine and architecture.辽国的文化发展及其成就,主要体现在天文历法、医学和建筑方面。Not only did the Liao calendar kept the best parts of the Central Plain Han calendar, but also retained some of the special traits of the Khitan people.辽国历法不仅吸收了中原汉族历法的优点,而且在许多方面体现了契丹民族特色。Important achievements were made in acupuncture, pulse-feeling diagnosis, gynecology, obstetrics and preservation of corpses.辽国的医学成就也很显著,其针炙、切脉诊法、妇产医科、尸体防腐等技术都具有较高水 平。The Book of Acupuncture and Pulse-Feeling , written by a celebrated doctor named Zhi Lugu, enjoyed wide popularity at the time.辽国名医直鲁古所著《针炙脉决书》,在当时很有影响。The Liao architecture influenced by the Tang style, accommodating the Khitan customs, achieved its own unique style.辽代的建筑受唐代建筑的影响,并糅合契丹尚东之俗而形成自己的风格。The Khitan dialect and the Han language were the main languages used in the Liao Dynasty.辽代主要通行的文字是契丹文和汉文。 /201602/421853遵义那家医院冶治前列腺炎好 In 2015, China’s citizens wanted to find out about health, money, the law and love — or marriage, at least.在2015年,中国网民想要了解关于健康、金钱、法律和爱情——至少是婚姻——的事情。And they were preoccupied with deadly explosions, the erratic stock market, second children and a very public sex act in a dressing room.但是他们却不得不全神贯注于致多人伤亡的爆炸、飘忽不定的股市、二孩政策以及一间更衣室里的公开性行为。Those topics dominated China’s national psyche this year, if Internet searches are any indication, according to a year-end review by Baidu, the country’s most popular search engine.如果网络搜索可以作为风向标的话,根据中国最受欢迎的搜索引擎百度所做的年终回顾,正是这些话题在今年占据了中国国民的精神世界。While not a formal survey, and subject to the limits of online censorship, the results are a snapshot into the thinking of China’s more than 668 million Internet users. The results broadly agree with other lists of topics discussed on social media in China over the past year.虽然这并非一项正式调查,而且碍于网络审查的限制,但是结果让人得以一窥逾6.68亿中国网友的想法。它与其他一些有关过去一年中国社交媒体讨论话题的榜单大体一致。The news of the year was led by the Sept. 3 military parade to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the victory over Japan in World War II. A rather less sanctioned display, of a couple who filmed themselves in a Uniqlo fitting room, was fourth on the list. The deadly explosions in Tianjin in August and the ending of China’s “one-child” policy were second and third.位于年度新闻排行榜之首的是9月3日为纪念二战战胜日本70周年举行的阅兵仪式。排行第四的表演可就没怎么获得批准:一对情侣在优衣库(Uniqlo)试衣间自拍影片。排第二和第三的分别是8月的天津大爆炸,以及中国终止“独生子女政策”。A separate list, ranking the top questions posed on the search engine, was led by inquiries about how quickly people could marry. Baidu users asked about the legal age of marriage — it is 20 for women and 22 for men — and the necessary paperwork.另外有一个榜单列出的是搜索引擎上的热门问题,位居第一的是人们多快可以结婚。百度用户问了法定结婚年龄——为女性是20岁,男性是22岁——以及结婚需要准备的文件。Several questions related to health and safety: What are the best foods to eat during menstruation? What color car should one buy for safety reasons? Are the nitrites in food really so terrible?其中几个问题涉及了健康与安全:月经期间吃什么好?买什么颜色的汽车会比较安全?食品中的亚硝酸盐真的那么恐怖吗?The list included a question that permeates much online activity: Why do people get bored?榜单中还包括一个在网络间广泛流传的问题:为什么人会感到无聊?Perhaps the most mysterious question was: “How is our subconscious leaking our secrets?” Part of the answer might be online search queries.或许最玄妙的问题是:“潜意识是如何泄露我们的秘密的?”一部分的或许就是上网询问。 /201512/419094遵义市汇川区九龙医院好不好没骗子价

遵义市汇川区九龙医院治疗前列腺炎不可能骗人哈For the first time, scientists have identified two clusters of genes directly linked to human intelligence.科学家们首次发现,大脑中存在两个与人类智力直接相关的基因集群。Called M1 and M3, these so-called #39;gene networks#39; appear to determine how smart a person is by controlling their memory, attention, processing speed and reasoning.这两个“基因网络”分别为M1和M3。它们通过控制人的、注意力、反应速度和推理能力,来决定一个人到底有多聪明。Crucially, the scientists have also discovered that these two networks - which each contain hundreds of genes - are likely to be under the control of master regulator switches.关键是,科学家们还发现,有主控“开关”专门负责控制这两个基因群(每个基因群包含成百上千种基因)。The researchers from Imperial College London are now keen to identify these switches and explore whether it might be feasible to manipulate them.这些来自伦敦帝国学院的研究人员渴望找到以上的“开关”,然后看看能不能对它们加以掌控。The research is at a very early stage, but the scientists would ultimately like to investigate whether it is possible to use this knowledge of gene networks to boost cognitive function.该研究尚在起步阶段,不过科学家们一定会深入研究下去,并通过对这些基因群的掌控,帮助提高人类的认知功能。Dr Michael Johnson, lead author of the study from the Department of Medicine at Imperial College London, said: #39;We know that genetics plays a major role in intelligence but until now haven#39;t known which genes are relevant.论文第一作者、来自伦敦帝国学院医学系的迈克尔·约翰逊士说:“我们都知道遗传基因对智力影响很大,但至今都不知道到底与哪些基因有关。”#39;This research highlights some of genes involved in human intelligence, and how they interact with each other.研究还发现了几个跟人类智力有关的基因,以及它们之间的相互作用关系。#39;What#39;s exciting about this is that the genes we have found are likely to share a common regulation, which means that potentially we can manipulate a whole set of genes whose activity is linked to human intelligence.“令人兴奋的是,我们发现的这些基因很可能有一个共同的控制机制,这意味着我们可以操纵一整套与人类智力有关的基因的活动。”#39;Our research suggests that it might be possible to work with these genes to modify intelligence, but that is only a theoretical possibility at the moment - we have just taken a first step along that road.#39;“研究表明,或许可以通过协调这些基因来提升智力。但目前这只是一种理论上的可能——这是我们在这条研究之路上迈出的第一步。”In the study, published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the international team of researchers looked at samples of human brain from patients who had undergone neurosurgery for epilepsy.相关研究成果已经在《自然神经科学》杂志上发表。在这个研究中,国际研究团队使用的人脑样本来自一些癫痫病患者,他们正在接受神经外科手术。The investigators analysed thousands of genes expressed in the human brain, and then combined these results with genetic information from healthy people who had undergone IQ tests.研究人员对这些患者脑部的数千个基因进行了仔细分析,然后将结果与做过智力测试的正常人的基因信息进行比对。They also studied the genetic information from people with neurological disorders such as autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability.他们还研究了患有神经障碍的人的基因信息,比如自闭症类的神经障碍,以及智力障碍。Using computer models, they were able to identify the gene networks responsible for healthy human cognitive abilities.通过计算机模型,他们能够找到那些与人类认知有关的基因群。Remarkably, they found that some of the same genes that influence human intelligence in healthy people were also the same genes that cause impaired cognitive ability and epilepsy when mutated.值得注意的是,他们发现,正常人大脑中一些与智力相关的基因如果发生突变,同样也可导致认知能力受损,或引发癫痫。Dr Johnson added: #39;Traits such intelligence are governed by large groups of genes working together - like a football team made up of players in different positions.约翰逊士补充道:“智力是由一大群基因共同控制的,就像足球队也是由不同位置的球员组成的。”#39;We used computer analysis to identify the genes in the human brain that work together to influence our cognitive ability to make new memories or sensible decisions when faced with lots of complex information.“通过计算机分析,我们发现,当面对一堆复杂信息,需要记忆一些新东西,或作出理性决断时,大脑中的基因就会协同工作,帮助我们进行认知。”This research could help provide insights into better treatments for neurodevelopmental diseases such as epilepsy, and ameliorate or treat the cognitive impairments associated with these devastating diseases.该研究能为更好地治疗癫痫等神经疾病提供新见解,并最终改善或彻底治疗与这些疾病相关的认知障碍。 /201512/418208 遵义务川仡佬族苗族自治县割包皮手术遵义凤冈县人民医院男性专科

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